The house built on foundations from the Roman times currently houses the exhibitions of the Sopron Museum on the Main Square.
A Roman bath was excavated in its cellar and its Gothic main hall as well as the Renaissance arcades of its courtyard testify to the building’s rich past. It was named after Mayor Endre Fabricius, who came into contact with Sándor Petőfi in 1840 as vice-president of the Hungarian Lyceum Society, with whom he forged a bond of friendship. Petőfi visited the building several times. According to legend, in February 1840 he changed to civilian clothes in the basement of the house, after escaping from the Fisherman Barrack (now Petőfi Sándor Primary School, 25 Halász Street) and hurried to Ferenc Liszt’s concert in the Old Casino.
The lapidary reveals the most beautiful stone heritage of the former Scarbantia, which were unearthed during many years of excavations in Sopron and its surroundings. The smaller cellar of the lapidary does not only present the altar stones erected for Roman Gods, but also the original furnishings of the sanctuary built for Mithras in Fertőrákos. In the great hall, you can see the monumental figures of the Capitolium Triad, which were found by Sopron archaeologist Lajos Bella during the demolition of the old town hall. The white marble statues of Jupiter, Juno and Minerva that once adorned the capitol sanctuary of the Scarbantia Forum are the largest Roman sculpture fragments unearthed in Hungary. The huge tombstones in the hall show the legacy of the Roman population, from which the equestrian figure of the tomb of Caius Sextilius Senecio Centurio stands out.
The rear, extremely picturesque part of the Fabricius House, with its Tuscan columns, has been home to the museum’s archaeological collection since 1963. The exhibition presents the history of Sopron and its surroundings from the Neolithic age to the 17th century. Abundant material demonstrates the life and culture of the Illyrians, Celts, Romans and the conquering Hungarians. The history of Sopron's way to become a town is proved by several findings from the 13th and 14th centuries (weapons, everyday objects, stone carvings). Here you can see the unique early Iron Age finding, the abdominal (sun)disk, the original function of which is still unknown. It is worth taking a look at the 2,700-year-old urns, fire dogs (andirons), as well as Celtic money and jewellery unearthed in the Castle. The extraordinary richness of the Roman material is reflected by amber jewellery, gold and silver utensils and one of the most valuable pieces of the migration era is the approximately 1,200-year-old Cundpald Chalice.
On the first and second floors of the façade wing you can trace the changes of the 17th and 18th century civic housing culture through objects and masterpieces of furniture art of the period. The Fabricius House was owned by wealthy patricians from the Middle Ages. Its construction history, architectural periods, and ornamentation methods all document the construction activities of the wealthy citizens. The exhibition located here presents the former living spaces and the civic way of life. Contemporary inventories provided accurate data about the number and role of the domestic premises, as well as about the quantity and quality of furniture and objects used. Thus, this exhibition can be considered as a reconstruction of former civic homes. On the first floor you can see the apartment, furniture and utensils of the 17th century urban citizens, with a 17th century stove, canopied beds and wardrobes. On the second floor you can see three 18th-century apartment reconstructions furnished with contemporary furniture. The middle room is set as a guest house, the left one as a bedroom and a coat room, and the room on the right side is set as a dining room with according furniture.