Borsodi Lane bird-watching tower in Mekszikópuszta (Mexico farm)
If you want to get to know the richness of the fauna and flora of the Fertő area, be sure to visit Mekszikópuszta (Mexico farm).
Prior to the regulation of Lake Fertő, the south-eastern, deeper shore area of the lake was flooded by the lake in the rainy spring and autumn months. Unfortunately, the saline lakes that were formed in this way disappeared due to drainage and lake regulation 100 years ago, but within the framework of the Fertő-Hanság-National Park habitat reconstruction program, the former saline lakes divided by islands were reconstructed by flooding. The rich flora and fauna of the saline lakes is presented by the Sea Asters educational trail, at one of its stops there is a bird-watching tower in the Borsod Lane. You can take a close look at the rich birdlife of the area and the Sopron Mountains, the Schneeberg and the Lajta Mountains also appear on the horizon. It is also a great program to ride here by bike, as the EV13 (Iron Curtain) bike path passes in front of the bird-watching tower.
But why Mekszikópuszta (Mexico farm)?
Fertőújlak that administratively belongs to Sarród today, was formerly called Mekszikópuszta (Mexico farm). It was named after the tragic Archduke Miksa of Habsburg, the brother of Emperor Franz Joseph and King of Hungary, who was proclaimed Emperor of Mexico in 1864. However, local rebels overthrew his reign and Miksa was executed in 1867. The Esterházy family was the owner of the manor hidden in the everglade of Fertő, and they named it the in memory of the Archduke. The manors in the everglade of Fertő and Hanság were connected by Hungary's first narrow-gauge economy railway line, founded in 1881, the "Hanyi Railway". The western terminal of the line was Mekszikópuszta, but passengers were also able to travel from Mexico to India in a short time, as the train also stopped at the India Manor near Kapuvár.